Eye Drops are the most common medication for eye problems and cataract treatments for pets, especially for dogs. However, not all eye problems are cataracts, and different eye problems may need different types of medication or types of eye drops. Here are some important facts you need to know about ocular medication for your beloved pet.
3 Major Components of Eye Medication
There are essentially 3 types of ocular or eye medication for pets, especially dogs; drugs, solution (also known as vector) and preservatives. Ointments for eyes usually contain small amounts of preservatives compared to eye drops, as they are oil-based and liquid-free, which inhibits growth of bacteria.
Eye drop solutions on the other hand, are generally designed to match the pH and osmolarity of the surface of the eyes, which stabilizes the drugs as administered to the eye. From the standpoint of your veterinarian, preservatives may cause adverse reactions to modular treatments.
Preservatives in Eye Drops
BAK or bacterial/microcidal compound benzalkonium chloride is the most common preservative found on most eye drop types of ocular medication. The job of this compound is to disrupt the intermolecular activity from one cellular membrane (lipid bilayers) to another and prevents the growth of intercellular bacteria enzyme. This compound is also great for battling fungi, viruses and even protozoa, which pose serious health risks to your pet’s body.
Those that come in a single dose packaging usually don’t contain preservatives. Lubricant drops on the other hand, contain preservatives, but it quickly evaporates from the eye during application. Such products, along with “disappearing preservatives”, are great options in decreasing irritant responses.
Because it is common for the tip of the eye drop to touch the eye and its surrounding surface while medicating, they should be discharged properly 6 weeks after its first application, as bacteria may be drawn back inside the container. This is why most drops are prescribed in very small containers, usually at 2.5 ml and 5 ml bottles, to discourage long-term use.
Also, drops should be regularly sharpened to keep it from housing and generating bacterial contamination. Also, preservatives in this medication tend to concentrate in the last couple of drops, which causes it to be more irritating. Thus, it is important to shake the bottle every before use to eliminate concentration and promote faster evaporation of the preservatives when it reaches the eye of your pet.
Ointments Versus Eye Drops, Which Is Better
Many vets prescribe drops, as they are easier to administer than ointments. Some pet owners however, prefer ointments as they are less likely to spill over. However, ointments contain less medication compared to most eye drops, but the release of medication is longer as they remain in contact to the surface of the eyes of your pet longer. Drops however, are very soluble and evaporate fast.
Choosing between ointment or drops is based on your personal preference, health needs of your pet, cost and commercial availability of the medication. Some drugs for special eye conditions however, are also available.
What is important is that you don’t self-medicate your pet. Take him to his vet for diagnosis and right treatment, as there are always special medications for special cases. Bright Eyes Drops for Glaucoma for example, is available from Ethos, effective for fighting glaucoma and cataract in pets.
For inquiries, please visit http://www.Ethos.ag